The Queen Victoria Memorial was built to pay tribute to Queen Victoria, who reigned from 1837 until her death in 1901. It is a sculpted monument placed at the centre of Queen’s Gardens in front of Buckingham Palace.
The memorial was designed by Sir Aston Webb, an English architect. The large statues which adorn the base of the memorial were sculpted by Sir Thomas Brook. The surround was built from 2300tons of white marble. The Queen Victoria memorial is 25meter(82feet) high. The memorial was completed in 1914 with the installation of the final bronze statues. It is a Grade I listed building.
The central monument has a large statue of Queen Victoria, who faces eastwards away from the Buckingham Palace. The words “Victoria, Regina Imperatix” (Victoria, Queen and Emperor) is placed just below her. Towards the north side of the monument stand the statues of the Angel of Justice, the Angel of Truth and the Angel of Charity facing north-eastwards, south-eastwards and Buckingham Palace respectively. Above all these statues stand the gilded statue of Victory sitting atop the pinnacle with figures on either side. These two seated figures is said to represent Courage and Constancy.
The surround is also adorned with statues. There are ship’s prows which were placed there to mark Britain’s strength as the nautical power. Other sea-related creatures include mermaids, mermen and various other sea-creatures. Queen Victoria’s Memorial is also known as “the wedding cake” monument, owing to its tiered shape.